You may be at risk of falling if you:
Get dizzy or lightheaded when you stand or turn
Have difficulty walking or rising from a low chair or bed
Have poor balance
Have fallen before
Take four or more medications
Suffer from depression or memory problems
Have poor eye-sight or hearing
Have a cluttered or poorly lit home
Talk to your GP if you feel you make be at risk- many falls can be prevented
Helpful Tips to Help Prevent you Falling
Make your home safe:
Check for hazards around your home
Always take care on the stairs and remove any clutter
Keep a night light by your bed
Consider handrails around the house, especially the stairs
Avoid standing on chairs and stools
Ensure hallway and stairs are well lit
Clean up spillages immediately
Ensue carpets are firmly secured
Secure loose wires and rugs
Always take care with pets
Check your eyesight and hearing
Have your eyes tested annually.
Be sure you wear the correct glasses and take care when using. bifocals and varifocals, especially on stairs and steps.
Poor hearing can affect your balance- see your nurse or GP for advice.
Wear sensible shoes and keep feet healthy:
Wear well fitting, low-heeled shoes.
Avoid wearing worn out or loose slippers.
Have regular foot care.
Avoid or limit alcohol intake:
Either alone or combined with medicines, alcohol increases the risk of falls.
Physical activity including; walking, gardening, dancing, swimming & Tai Chi can help to improve mobility, strength, balance and flexibility.
Eat well and drink plenty of fluids:
Eat foods rich in Vitamin D and Calcium. They are essential for healthy bones e.g, dairy, eggs, leafy green vegetables. Talk to your GP to see if you might benefit from additional supplements.
Avoid missing meals.
Dizziness and weakness can be reduced by eating regular meals and drinking plenty of fluids (preferably water) each day.